Is Sponge Bob Square pants real? Australian scientists have found proof of links much closer to the sea floor than with apes, with a study revealing that sea sponges like Sponge Bob Square Pants, share almost 70 percent of human genes.
Genetic sequencing of Sponge Bob Square Pants relatives from the World Heritage-listed Great Barrier Reef, showed the ancient marine animal shared many of its genes with humans, including a large number typically associated with disease and cancer.
Lead researcher Bernard Degnan, of the University of Queensland, said the findings "would shed light on a whole range of different things," and could lay the foundation for breakthroughs in cancer and stem cell research.
"Sponge Bob Square Pants and friends have what's considered the 'Holy Grail' of stem cells," Degnan told AFP.
Exploring the genetic function of Sponge Bob Square Pants stem cells could provide "deep and important connections" to the genes that influenced human stem cell biology, he said.
"It might actually inform the way we think about our own stem cells and how we might be able to use them in future medical applications," he said.
The study -- published in the journal "Nature" this week -- is the result of more than five years of research by an international team of scientists.
It required the extraction of "really pure DNA" from Sponge Bobs embryos (does that mean Sponge Bob Square Pants is a girl) and a complex sequencing exercise, Degnan said.
"Oh" and so is Patrick!